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  • EOYE - Easy On You English

Prepositions


aboard

  • We climbed aboard the boat.

  • Is there a doctor aboard the plane?

about

  • What do you think about Mary?

  • Let’s talk about something different.

  • I’ve just read a book about President Putin.

  • The lion was pacing about its cage.

above

  • We are flying above the clouds.

  • We live in the hills, 1,000 meters above sea-level.

  • It’s only two degrees above freezing point. [+2ºC]

  • Who came above you in the test results?

across

  • We drove across the desert.

  • The dog ran across the road.

  • There is a bridge across the river.

  • She lives in the house across the street. It’s nearly opposite mine.

after (also conjunction)

  • We had lunch [1pm] after the meeting [11am].

  • Let’s meet the day after tomorrow.

against

  • Did you vote for or against the suggestion?

  • He put his bicycle against the wall.

along

  • We walked along the beach for two miles.

  • There are trees along the road.

  • The toilet is along the corridor.

alongside

  • Their boat came alongside our boat.

  • Team A worked alongside Team B during construction.

amid | amidst (poetic)

  • I couldn’t hear her amid the noise.

  • We were lost amidst the trees.

among | amongst (mainly British English)

  • Is there a doctor among us?

  • There were secret police among the crowd.

  • I was amongst strangers. I didn’t know anyone.

anti

  • He seems to be anti my idea.

  • Some people are anti everything.

around

  • We walked around the town for an hour.

  • They all sat around the camp fire.

  • There is a big fence around the house.

  • He was born around 1570.

  • Let’s meet around 7 pm.

as (also conjunction)

  • He is working as a waiter.

  • The risk is as nothing compared to the profit.

  • Ram is as tall as Anthony.

astride

  • She sat astride the horse.

at

  • He is at school.

  • We first met at a party.

  • Let’s start the meeting at 9 o’clock.

  • He started work at 17 (years of age).

  • We are aiming at sales of $1,000,000.

atop (poetic)

  • The church is situated atop a hill.

Complex prepositions

according to

  • According to John, Mary was late. I believe John.

ahead of

  • Anthony is ahead of Rachel in the race. He’ll win.

  • We have a long day ahead of us. Let’s get going!

à la (from French)

  • It’s a TV show à la CNN. Same style, similar content.

along with

  • Do you want some pork along with the chicken?

apart from

  • Nobody objected apart from you, so we did it.

as for

  • As for Matt, he will arrive later.

aside from

  • I have another car aside from this one. Both are red.

as per

  • We must work strictly as per the law.

as to

  • As to your behaviour, I think you were wrong.

as well as

  • You should telephone as well as write, just to be sure.

away from

The cat ran away from the dog and escaped.

bar

  • Everyone came bar Angela.

  • He is the best bar none.

barring

  • Barring rain, we’ll play tennis tomorrow.

before (also conjunction)

  • We had lunch [1pm] before the meeting [3pm].

  • We met the day before yesterday.

  • She was before me in the queue.

  • I would rather die before doing that.

behind

  • There is a police car behind us. It’s following us.

  • We have a garden behind our house.

  • The child was hiding behind the tree.

  • I am behind your project. I will support it.

  • Vonica finished behind Shirley in the race.

  • She is behind the other children in her class.

below

  • Much of Holland is below sea-level.

  • There is a family in the flat below us.

  • The temperature is 5 degrees below freezing point. [-5ºC]

  • I came below Monica in the test.

  • You can buy it if it’s below $50.

beneath

  • Our garage is beneath our house.

  • The tunnel runs beneath the sea.

  • Laurence is beneath the General Manager.

  • It was beneath his dignity to do that.

beside

  • The river runs beside our house.

  • James was sitting beside Miriam.

besides

  • What shall we have besides coffee?

between

  • Tara was sitting between Ram and Ati.

  • Between you and me, I think she’s crazy.

  • I can meet you between 1pm and 2pm.

beyond

  • Can you see someone in the distance, beyond that house?

  • This is too difficult. It’s beyond me.

  • The meeting continued beyond midnight.

but (also conjunction)

  • Everyone came but Andrea.

by

  • We came by car.

  • Fireworks were invented by the Chinese.

  • He was shot by a professional killer.

  • It happened by accident.

  • He lost the race by five seconds.

  • The room is 10 metres by 6 metres.

  • We must finish by Tuesday.

  • We were sitting by the window.

  • By my calculation he must be 73.

Complex prepositions

because of

  • We can’t play tennis because of the rain.

but for

  • It’s your fault! But for you, I’d have been on time.

by means of

  • You open a door by means of its handle.

circa

  • He died circa 1270.

concerning

  • Your teacher talked to me concerning your homework.

  • I have some questions concerning your decision.

considering

  • Considering the poor quality, I think the price is too high.

  • I think I must be going, considering the time.

counting

  • There were four people, or five counting the baby.

  • That makes $70, not counting the tax.

cum

  • I have a study-cum-bedroom.

  • She is a kind of secretary-cum-receptionist.

Complex prepositions

close to

  • My car is close to your car. About two cars away.

contrary to

  • Contrary to expectations, the euro fell in value.

despite

  • We went swimming despite the cold water.

  • He passed the test despite being ill.

down

  • They ran down the hill.

  • The post office is down the road.

  • They have had many wars down the years.

during

  • He fell asleep during the meeting.

  • I want to go swimming during the weekend.

  • I was bored during the whole film.

Complex prepositions

depending on

  • We’ll play tennis tomorrow, depending on the rain.

due to

  • The cancellation was due to the rain. There was no other reason.

except

  • You can have any colour except blue. There is no more blue.

  • They all came except Stephen. He didn’t want to come.

excepting

  • I can eat anything excepting pork. It makes me sick.

  • Excepting Jo, everyone was present. No-one knew where Jo was.

excluding

  • It costs $70, excluding $10 for delivery. (Total = $80.)

  • We open every day excluding Christmas Day. On Christmas Day we have a holiday.

Complex prepositions

except for

  • Everyone was present, except for Mary. She stayed at home.

following

  • We had coffee following lunch.

  • He couldn’t work following his illness.

for (also conjunction)

  • This is for you.

  • Do you want to go for a walk?

  • You use a corkscrew for opening bottles.

  • Cigarettes are bad for you.

  • I’m saving for a new car.

  • Is this the road for Rome?

  • They passed me over for John.

  • Is this the train for Cambridge?

  • I bought it for $10.

  • We worked for three hours.

  • Keep walking for two kilometres.

from

  • Where do you come from?

  • This letter is from my wife.

  • I bought this car from Henry.

  • They prevented me from entering.

  • My car is different from yours.

  • We worked from Monday to Wednesday.

  • Paper is made from wood.

  • It can cost anything from $5 to $15.

  • The police took my driving licence from me.

  • He died from overwork.

Complex prepositions

forward of

  • He was sitting forward of me in the plane. I could just see the back of his head.

further to

  • Further to your letter, I have spoken to Mr Brown.

given

  • He is in very good health, given his age. He’s at least 95.

  • Given the time, you ought to leave now.

gone (mainly British English)

  • It’s certainly gone 11 o’clock. It must be 11.30.

  • He’s gone 50. He must be nearly 60 years old.

in

  • Monkeys live in the jungle.

  • John is the man with his hand in his pocket.

  • I live in an apartment.

  • She lives in Bangkok.

  • Tara was born in 1977.

  • Trains were invented in the nineteenth century.

  • I’ll come back in two weeks.

  • Let’s meet in the morning.

  • There are 60 seconds in a minute.

including

  • The price is $70 including $10 for delivery. (Total = $70.)

  • There were four of us, including the baby.

inside

  • It was dark inside the tunnel.

  • My modem is inside my computer. It’s an internal modem.

into

  • John went into that shop.

  • If you heat ice it turns into water.

  • We cut the cake into ten pieces.

  • Five into ten makes two.

Complex prepositions

in addition to

  • There were two people in addition to me. So that made three of us.

in between

  • He is in between the two opinions. He wants to compromise.

in case of

  • You can phone me in case of need. Day or night.

in face of

  • He reacts bravely in face of danger.

in favour of

  • I am not in favour of your idea. It won’t work.

in front of

  • You can park your car in front of my house.

  • I couldn’t see the film because the woman in front of me was wearing a big hat.

in lieu of

  • I don’t have any dollars. Can I pay euro in lieu of dollars?

in spite of

  • We went swimming in spite of the cold water.

instead of

  • We don’t have any tea. Would you like coffee instead of tea?

in view of

  • In view of your illness, we will wait for a week.

less

  • 10 less 3 = 7.

like

  • She is like her sister.

  • She sings like a bird.

  • It’s not like John to complain.

  • Do it like this.

  • I feel like swimming.

  • It looks like rain.

  • I want something cold, like iced-coffee.

minus

  • 10 minus 3 = 7.

  • The temperature is minus 30 degrees centigrade.

near

  • The school is near the post office.

  • It’s 20 December. We are very near Christmas Day.

notwithstanding

  • Notwithstanding the low price, I don’t want it.

  • They went swimming, notwithstanding the rain.

  • They went swimming, the rain notwithstanding.

Complex prepositions

near to

  • There is a restaurant near to my office. Just two minutes away.

next to

  • The school is next to the bank. Between the hotel and the bank.

of

  • I live in the house at the end of the road.

  • Where is the key of the car?

  • Do you like the work of Shakespeare?

  • What was the cost of this book?

  • He lives in the City of Westminster.

  • It was kind of you to help me.

  • This is the cause of the problem.

  • He died of cancer.

  • Most tables are made of wood.

  • Can I have a cup of coffee?

  • I know some of these people.

  • I don’t know any of these people.

  • He lives south of London.

  • He lives in the south of London.

off

  • Please take your shoes off the table.

  • Keep off the grass.

  • It fell off the table and broke.

  • They live in a street off Fifth Avenue.

on

  • Please don’t put your shoes on the table.

  • The picture is on page 7.

  • We live on a busy road. It’s very noisy.

  • She is sunbathing on the beach.

  • Is there water on the Moon?

  • I need a book on bio-chemistry.

  • My birthday is on Monday.

  • I start work on 7 May.

  • Let’s meet on the weekend. (American English)

  • I’ll see you on Christmas Day.

  • You must be on time.

  • He broke his leg on getting out of the car.

onto (mainly American English) see on to

  • The cat jumped onto the chair.

  • The police are onto us. (slang)

opposite

  • There is a post office opposite my house.

  • She sat opposite him and looked into his eyes.

outside

  • I don’t live in London. I live outside London.

  • It was very cold outside the car.

  • This is outside my scope.

over

  • We are flying over the mountains.

  • Put the blanket over the bed.

  • The cat jumped over the wall.

  • Let’s discuss it over dinner.

  • The king ruled over the country for many years.

  • The town is just over the border.

  • It cost over $50. It was $53.25.

  • There is rain over the whole country.

  • It took over an hour to do my homework.

  • The population has increased over the past twenty years.

  • Can you stay with us over Christmas?

Complex prepositions

on account of

  • Don’t worry on account of me. Think about yourself.

on behalf of

  • I’m calling you on behalf of Mr Brown. I represent him in legal matters.

on board

  • Is there a doctor on board this plane?

on to (mainly British English) see onto

  • The cat jumped on to the chair.

on top of

  • The cat is sitting on top of the television.

opposite to

  • There is a tree opposite to the house. Straight across the road.

other than

  • Sorry, we’re out of whisky. But we have every drink other than whisky.

out of

  • Take your hands out of your pockets and help me!

  • He went out of the room to smoke a cigarette.

  • We’re out of eggs. Shall I buy some?

outside of

  • They stopped outside of the city to check the map before entering.

owing to

  • We didn’t go swimming, owing to the cold weather.

past

  • I saw you yesterday when we drove past your school.

  • The post office is just past the police station.

  • Don’t work past your bed-time.

  • This is difficult. It’s past me.

  • It’s nearly ten minutes past five. 5.09 to be precise.

pending

  • We cannot supply you pending payment.

  • Pending his return, we can do nothing.

  • There were many arguments pending the negotiations.

per

  • The speed limit is 70 miles per hour.

  • The carpet costs $10 per square metre.

plus

  • 2 plus 2 = 4.

  • There will be three of us, plus the baby. So that’s four in total.

pro

  • Are you pro capital punishment or against it?

  • He is very modern. He is generally pro new ideas.

Complex prepositions

preparatory to

  • I made a graph preparatory to the meeting, so everything was ready.

prior to

  • I never spoke French prior to living in France. But I learned quickly after coming to France.

re

  • Re: your letter dated 21 May

  • I want to talk you re the proposed meeting.

regarding

  • I would like to speak to you regarding my homework.

  • Regarding John, let’s talk later.

respecting

  • I would like to speak to you respecting my homework.

  • I am writing to you respecting our latest products.

round

  • I live round the corner.

  • They all sat round the fire.

  • There is a hedge round the house.

Complex prepositions

regardless of

  • I don’t want it, regardless of the price. Even if it’s free, I just don’t want it.

save (formal)

  • All save Mrs Jones were present.

saving (formal)

  • Saving yourself, nobody thanked me.

since (also conjunction)

  • I haven’t seen Josef since Monday.

  • Mr Brown has worked in a bank since 1985.

Complex prepositions

save for

  • Everyone came, save for Lek who had to work.

than (also conjunction)

  • He is a writer than whom there is no finer.

  • Your car is bigger than my car.

through (also thru – American English)

  • The train goes through a tunnel.

  • I can see light through the keyhole.

  • You have been through a difficult experience.

  • You went thru a red light.

  • The error occurred through my own stupidity.

  • They worked Monday through Thursday. (American English)

throughout

  • It is raining throughout the whole country.

  • He worked throughout the day, and most of the night.

till (also conjunction)

  • I work from 9am till 5pm.

  • Please wait till I come.

to

  • Could you give this to Kob?

  • My car does 10 miles to the litre.

  • To his surprise, the door was open.

  • The museum is open from Monday to Friday.

  • The time is ten to five. [4.50]

touching

  • Touching your homework, I think we need to speak.

towards (mainly British English), toward (mainly American English)

  • He drove off toward(s) the mountain.

  • I’d better go. It’s getting toward(s) midnight.

  • He contributed $100,000 toward(s) the new building.

  • It’s the first step toward(s) peace.

  • He has a positive attitude toward(s) his work.

Complex prepositions

thanks to

  • Thanks to Shirley, we arrived on time.

together with

  • I’d like chicken please, together with vegetables.

under

  • The mouse ran under the chair.

  • The bucket is under the sink.

  • Submarines can travel under water.

  • We drove under a bridge.

  • I have a T-shirt under my pullover.

  • Who do you work under? Who is your boss?

  • I am under orders from the President.

  • What is the subject under discussion?

  • Under the company rules, we can’t do that.

  • Please buy it if it’s under $50.

underneath

  • The nurse put a pillow underneath his head.

  • There is a big cellar underneath our house.

unlike

  • That’s very unusual. It’s unlike Andrea to be so rude.

  • This problem is unlike any we have met before.

until (formalalso conjunction)

  • They continued the meeting until 11pm.

  • Please wait until I come.

up

  • Jack and Jill ran up the hill.

  • There is a post office up the street.

upon (formal)

  • Please don’t put your shoes upon the table.

  • There are now no dinosaurs upon Earth.

  • I need a book upon bio-chemistry.

  • We met upon a Monday.

  • He broke his leg upon getting out of the car.

Complex prepositions

up against

  • We are up against a powerful enemy.

up to

  • There was a shop here up to 1990. But it closed that year.

up until

  • We worked up until they came. Then we stopped.

versus

  • He was the judge in the case of Gore versus Bush.

  • We should choose peace versus war.

via

  • We flew from Paris to Bangkok via Dubai.

Complex prepositions

vis-à-vis (from French)

  • I prefer Jaguar cars vis-à-vis BMW cars.

  • I need to speak to you vis-à-vis your homework.

with

  • Do you live with your parents?

  • He’s been with EnglishClub.com for two years.

  • I discussed it with her.

  • With your permission, I’d like to go.

  • If you mix red with yellow you get orange.

  • Muriel is the girl with black hair.

  • Do you want to come with us?

  • I made this chair with my own hands.

  • You’ll forget her with time.

within

  • There is a modem within the computer.

  • I will finish within 30 minutes.

  • He lives within 10 miles of his work.

  • It’s not within my power to help you.

without

  • I want trousers without buttons.

  • I came without my wife because she is working.

  • He watched without speaking.

worth

  • This car is worth $10,000.

Complex prepositions

with reference to

  • With reference to your comments, I’ll reply soon.

  • I am writing with reference to your order.

with regard to

  • I’d like to speak to you with regard to your work.

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